Emil Filla was born on April 4, 1882 in Chropyňe.
First study trip to Vienna in 1900. From 1903 to 1906 he studied at the Prague Academy with professors Josef Thiele and Vlaho Bukovac. From 1907-1908 he exhibited with the group OSMA [The Eight] (Vincenc Beneš, Othon Coubine, Antonín Procházka, Bohumil Kubista, Max Horb, Willy Nowak, Bedřich Feigl) in Prague. From 1909 he became a member of the Mánes Artists' Association, in which he acted as a leading representative and organizer with interruptions until it was forced to cease in 1951. In the years 1906-1914 he stayed in Paris regularly and kept in close contact with Picasso, Braque, Gris, Pascin, Chagall, Kars, Jacob and Apollinaire. He had been in exile in Netherland since 1914. There began in 1917 the collaboration with T. van Doesburg and P. Mondrian on the first edition of the revue "De Stijl". 1919-20 he founded and headed the Czechoslovakian embassy in The Hague. Between the two world wars he alternated between Prague and Paris. Because of his anti-fascist stance, he was interned in the Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps from 1939 to 1945. From 1945 he was a professor at the University of Applied Arts in Prague. In addition to artistic work, he dealt with art theory and art history. Relevant publications have appeared in art magazines, e.g. "Volné směry [free paths].
Emil Filla died on October 6, 1953 in Prague.